The United Nation Development Programme ( UNDP) unveiled its 2015 report on HDI and India has been at place of 130th among 188 countries and India rank in HDI report has risen by 5 points. HDI measure human development in three parameters.
- Life Expectancy at Birth.
- Education index
- Decent standard of living indicated by Income index.
You can read more about this index anywhere on internet but I am emphasizing here some of the key points here.
India has a score of 0.69 on Human Development index and is placed in medium income group countries based on this index.
- Although India is prospering globally in economic terms , but there is still lack of improvement in these terms of HDI.
- The reason for not much improvement in India is its large population and failure of government programmes and policies at various fronts.
- There is also very high Maternal mortality Rate in India and many women die every year because of pregnancy and its related complications.
- The education level in India is not too high and there is a large gap between female and male literacy in India. Until this gap is filled, there will be hardly any improvement.
- The role of women in Indian parliamentary democracy is much less and is because of many reasons like male dominated society and less education among women. Still efforts are being made by government in this direction still the response is slow.
- There is now increased stress on digital technology for generation of employment and Indian government is now taking some proactive steps in this direction.