General Knowledge on International Awards and Honors

Nobel Prize:

  • Most Important Award
  • 1901- In memory of Alfred Nobel-Swedish
  • Known for invention of Dynamite
  • Prize awarded by Nobel Foundation
  • Initially started for five subjects
  • Physics, Chemistry, Medicine and Physiology, Peace, Literature
  • Prize for Economics started in 1968
  • All prizes awarded in Stockholm, Sweden except peace prize
  • Peace prize- Oslo, Norway
  • International committee of Red Cross- Awarded Nobel peace prize three times
  • Four Persons- Received 2 times the award-
  • Marie Curie, Linus Pauling, John Bardeen Fredrick Sanger

Nobel Prize-2014 winners

  • Physics- Isamu Akasaki;Hiroshi Amano;
    Shuji Nakamura
  • Chemistry- Eric Betzig;Stefan Hell;
    William Moerner
  • Physiology or Medicine:John O’Keef;May-Britt Moser; Edvard Moser
  • Literature-Patrick Modiano
  • Peace- Kailash Satyarthi;Malala Yousafzai
  • Economics- Jean Tirole

Indian Nobel Prize Winners

  1. Rabindranath Tagore- Geetanjali (1913)
  2. Sir. C.V.Raman-(1930)- Physics- For Raman Effect
  3. Hargobind Khurana- ( 1968)- Medicine- Interpretation of Genetic code and its function in protein synthesis
  4. Mother Teresa-(1979)- 1979- Peace prize
  5. Dr. S. Chandrasekhar- (1983)- Physics- Astrophysicist( Chandrasekhar limit)
  6. Amartya Sen –( 1998)- Economics- Welfare economics
  7. Venkata Raman Ramakrishana(2009)- Chemistry- Structure and function of ribosomes

Booker Prize :

  • Man Booker Prize- Man Group
  • Literary award-English language novel published in UK
  • Started in 1968,first awarded in 1969
  • 2014- Richard Flanagan- The narrow road to the deep North

3 Indians have received it so far

  • Arunadhati Roy- The God of Small Things
  • Kiran Desai- The Inheritance of Loss
  • Arvind Adiga- the White Tiger

Ramon Magsaysay Award :

  • Ramon Magsaysay-Former president of Philippines
  • Started in 1957
  • Asian Equivalent of Nobel Prize
  • 1957,Rockefeller Brothers fund
  • Originally started in six categories
  1. Government Service
  2. Public service
  3. Community leadership
  4. Journalism, literature and creative communication arts
  5. Peace and International understanding
  6. Emergent leadership

Since 2009, five categories deleted. Now

  • Emergent leadership
  1. Uncategorized category
  • 2015- Kyaw Thu- Myanmar
  • 2014- Anshu Gupta and Sanjiv Chaturvedi from India

Pulitzer Prize :

  • 1917 in united States
  • Joseph Pulitzer
  • Newspaper and Online journalism
  • Musical composition
  • Literature

Templeton Prize :

  • 1972
  • Templeton foundation
  • Individuals – Worked for spiritualism –Research and discovery about spiritual realities
  • 1973- Mother Teresa-First recipient

Oskar Awards

  • Also called as The Academy awards
  • Started in 1929 in United states
  • For excellence in Cinematic achievements
  • Bhanu Athaiya-First Indian who win Academy award in 1983
  • She designed the costume of Richard Attenborough costumes-Gandhi
  • Satyajit Ray- First Indian to receive Honorary award in 1992
  • R.Rahman- Two academy awards in 2009

World Food Prize:

  • 1987- Started
  • Conceived by Dr. Norman Borlaug
  • Food supply chain-quality, Quantity , availability
  • 2014-Dr. Sanjaya Rajaram- Developed many varieties of disease resistant wheat

 

 

 

 

 

 

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