In this article , I am going to discuss about Philosophy of the Indian Constitution which is described very well in Preamble to constitution of India.
Objective resolutions for our constitution were drafted by Pt. Jawaharlal Lal Nehru
These were accepted by our constituent assembly on 22nd July, 1947
The philosophy of our constitution is contained in our Preamble.
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to
constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of
November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO
OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.”
The words Socialist and Secular were added by 42nd constitutional amendment.
Importance of Preamble:
Source of authority
Type of government
Objectives to be attained
Date of enactment of our constitution
Provides understanding of our constitution
Source of authority- People of India
Sovereign, republic- It means the people of India work collectively for one nation and we are not under any external authority
President of India is the head of the state
But India remained member of commonwealth.
Democratic means Parliamentary democracy with Parliament and state legislature
Socialist- Added by 42nd amendment- It means all people to be provided equal opportunity to achieve elimination of inequality in income and social standards of living
Secularism- Added by 42nd amendment. No particular religion to be favored by state. State cannot discriminate based on religion. All people have freedom of faith, practice and worship any religion.
Social, Economic and Political Justice
Social justice- No discrimination on basis of Caste, religion, sex, race
Equal opportunities in matters of public appointment
Economic justice- To reduce the gap between rich and poor
More equitable distribution of wealth and resources of country
Political Justice- Every citizen of Indian can participate in our political system
Every person has right to vote.
Liberty– of Thought ,Expression, Belief, Faith and worship
Every person in India enjoys these rights
Fundamental rights give every individual these rights with few restrictions
भारत में हर एक वियक्ति के पास ये अधिकार हैं
Equality: Fundamental rights of Equality provide all citizen equality
No discrimination on basis of caste, religion, sex, race
Abolition of untouchability
Equality before law, Rule of law
India is a large pluralistic society
It means spirit of brotherhood and oneness among all Indians
Dignity of individual- Adequate means of livelihood, Just and humane conditions of work