I am writing this blog post on “GK Today- General Knowledge India for Competition Exams Preparation Online” to help candidates preparing for competition exams in India like Railways board Exams and SSC exams . For getting jobs in Railways and SSC posts , you need some basic concepts. Here I am giving you some of the most common and very important questions from topic on Indian Railways.
Fact 1. When was the Indian Railways established?
Ans: April 16,1853
Fact 2. When and where did the first train in India started?
Ans: From Mumbai to Thane on 16th April 1853
Fact 3. How much distance was travelled by India first train from Mumbai to Thane?
Ans: 34 Km
Fact 4. When and where first Electric train run in India?
Ans: Feb 3, 1925 Between Bombay and Kurla ( 16 Km distance) It was for a short span only.
Fact 5. Where is the headquarter of Indian Railways located?
Ans: New Delhi
Fact 6. Who was the first Railway minister in India?
Ans: John Mathai
Fact 7. Railway budget separated from General Budget in 1924
Fact 8. It was done on recommendations of Acworth committee in 1920-21
Fact 9. First woman Railway minister?
Ans: Mamata Banerjee
Fact 10. Computerization of railway reservation was done in which year?
Ans: 1987 in Mumbai
Fact 11. Indian Railways uses four gauges:
1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad Gauge (BG), which is also called Indian gauge,
1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge (MG),
762 mm (2 ft 6 in) Narrow Gauge (NG), and
610 mm (2 ft) Narrow Gauge
Project Unigauge that started in 1991- To convert all metre and narrow gauge to broad gauge
Fact 12. Total zones 17
Remember names of these zones and their headquarter from following table.
|Name of Railway Zone||Headquarter|
|East Central Railway||Hajipur|
|East Coastal Railway||Bhubneshwar|
|Northern Railway||New Delhi|
|North Central Railway||Allahabad|
|North Eastern Railway||Gorakhpur|
|North frontier Railway||Maligaon, Guwahati|
|North Western Railway||Jaipur|
|South Central Railway||Secundrabad|
|South Eastern Railway||Garden Reach, Kolkata|
|South East Central Railway||Bilaspur|
|South Western Railway||Hubli|
|Western Railway||Mumbai CST|
|West Central Railway||Jabalpur|
Fact 13. First Electric Train in India-
Ans: 1930, Deccan Queen, Kalyan and Pune
Fact 14. Which train in India runs the longest distance?
Ans: Vivek Express ( Between Dibrugarh and Kanyakumari)
Fact 15. Samjhauta Express : ( 22 july,1976)
Train runs between India and Pakistan
Twice weekly schedule ( Tuesday and Friday)
Between Delhi and Lahore
Fact 16. Lifeline Express : Hospital on wheels
It provides healthcare to rural areas
Fact 17. Which is the longest railway platform in the world?
Ans: Gorakhpur Railway Station
Fact 18. Which is the oldest operative locomotive in world?
Ans: Fairy Queen ( Between Delhi and Alwar)
Fact 19. Maitri Express runs between which two countries?
Ans: India and Bangladesh
Fact 20. First Metro rail was run in which city in India?
Fact 21. There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites on Indian Railways.
The Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain Railways of India
Mountain Railways of India consists of three separate railway lines
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway in West Bengal
Nilgiri Mountain Railway in Tamil Nadu
Kalka-Shimla Railway in Himachal Pradesh
So all students should remember these GK today points and facts for railways board exams and SSC exams preparation.